Achievement Course: First Aid / CPR
Recommended Ages: 10-18 years of age
Approximate Completion Time Frame: 3-6 months


The First Aid Achievement Course patron saint is Saint Camillus de Lellis, who with his father, was a soldier of fortune and an adventurer of sorts. Saint Camillus watched his father return to the sacraments after many years on his death-bed and this made Saint Camillus want to return to his Catholic Faith. After many struggles in ridding himself of the bad habits he picked up in his life of being a soldier of fortune, he was able to serve others by providing medical attention rooted in the Love of God. But it was not enough for Saint Camillus to simply provide for the physical wellbeing of his patients, he wanted to also provide for their eternal wellbeing! Saint Camillus was ordained to the holy priesthood and founded an order called the Fathers and Brothers of a Happy Death. Saint Camillus was given permission for he and his brethren to wear the Red Cross and they were the first ones to go onto the battlefield. They tended to the spiritual and physical needs of the wounded wearing the Red Cross, which is now the international symbol of medical personnel.

Objective: To demonstrate how to care for the spiritual and physical needs of people you may be able to serve in a similar way to Saint Camillus.

Requirements


First Aid for the following conditions:

  1. Allergic/immunologic
    • Anaphylaxis
    • Insect bites and stings
    • Spider bites
    • Snakebites – also describe the characteristics of the 4 most dangerous and venomous snakes in North America.
    • Food allergy or allergic reaction to medicine
  2. Integumentary
    • Animal bites
    • Blisters
    • Bruise
    • Cuts and Scrapes
    • Electrical burn or Shock
    • Foreign object in the skin
    • Frostbite
    • Sunburn
  3. Neurological
    • Concussion
    • Convulsion/ Seizures
    • Fainting
    • Head pain
    • Stroke
  4. Musculoskeletal
    • Dislocation
    • Fractures
    • Heat cramps
    • Sprain
  5. ENT (Ears, nose, throat) and eyes
    • Foreign object in the ear
    • Foreign object in the eye
    • Nosebleeds
  6. Respiratory
    • Foreign object inhaled
    • Asthma attack
  7. Gastrointestinal
    • Foreign object swallowed
    • Vomiting/Diarrhea
  8. Miscellaneous
    • Choking
    • Fever
    • Head Trauma
    • Heart attack
    • Heat stroke
    • Hypothermia
    • Poisoning
    • Puncture wound
    • Severe bleeding
    • Shock
    • Spinal injury
    • Tick bites

Requirements


  1. Demonstrate the triage plan of multiple injuries (verbally or written)
  2. Demonstrate ability to dial 911
  3. Demonstrate the ability to assess an airway and breathing
  4. Check a pulse in at least two locations and measure heart rate
  5. Demonstrate knowledge of a normal heart rate and respiratory rate
  6. Demonstrate the ability to assess orientation to person, place, and time
  7. List the symptoms of a fracture or broken bone
  8. Tell the difference between a simple or closed fracture and a complex or open fracture
  9. Splints – Explain the basic steps to making any splint and demonstrate when and how to place a stint for the following injuries:
    • Collarbone
    • Shoulder
    • Upper arm
    • Lower arm
    • Thigh
    • Lower leg
  10. CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation)
    • Basics
    • Trained
    • Untrained
    • For small children (ages 1 -8)
  11. Use of an AED (Automated External Defibrillator)
  12. Discuss with your father and/or troop leader when to use a tourniquet and demonstrate how to apply a Tourniquet.
  13. What Triage means – describe the following Triage – START/RPM steps to your father and/or troop leader.
    • START
      • The First Step in START: Get up and Walk!
      • The Second Step in START: Begin Where You Stand
    • How To Evaluate Patients Using RPM
      • Respiration or Breathing: It all STARTS Here. Perfusion or Circulation: Is Oxygen Getting Around?
      • Perfusion or Circulation: Is Oxygen Getting Around
      • Mental Status: Open Your Eyes
  14. Research and demonstrate two methods to move an unconscious victim in an emergency by yourself.
  15. Research the two types of a “Two-man carry” in the case of an emergency, at least one must be about an unconscious victim. Demonstrate a “two-man carry.”
  16. Research and demonstrate how to make a stretcher with a long sleeve shirt and two poles in the field

Requirements


First Aid Kit

  1. Based on everything you’ve learned in this AC, list everything that a TSG Troop should have in its Troop First Aid Kit.
  2. After you have made a list, make sure all supplies are in your Troop’s First Aid Kit.
  3. If your Troop does not have a First Aid Kit, assemble one. Review all of the supplies and the rationale for including them with your father/guardian and/or Troop Leaders.
  4. Teach a basic first aid skill to the Junior Cadets in your Troop.

Requirements


Preparation for Death: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04660c.htm

  1. Read the website above and Matthew 10: 34 – 39 explain to your father/guardian, Chaplain, and or Troop Leader the following
    • What is the meaning of this scripture passage?
    • What do spiritual writers in the Catholic faith say is the only adequate preparation for death?
    • When a priest should be called and why?
    • How a Catholic Christian should wind up one’s earthly affairs.
    • The role of Confession, Viaticum, Extreme unction, and the “Last Blessing.”
    • What kinds of things can the person dying, the priest, and those who are with him can do as death approaches?
    • Discuss what can be done in “cases of special need.”
  2. Explain the rules of baptism. Memorize and tell how you would baptize someone in case of special need.